Segundo o levantamento mensal da Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos automotores (Anfavea), novembro manteve o viés de alta iniciado no segundo semestre, apresentando os melhores números da indústria automobilística no ano. Exportações e produção chegaram a superar os patamares de novembro de 2019, mas o mercado interno ainda gira 7,1% abaixo do verificado no ano passado.

A produção segue impactada pelos protocolos sanitários nas fábricas e também pela falta de componentes e insumos. Em novembro foram produzidos 238.200 autoveículos, crescimento de apenas 0,7% sobre outubro, portanto incapaz de acompanhar o aumento da demanda. Esse número é 4,7% superior ao de novembro de 2019, mas naquela época havia estoque de 330 mil veículos. Hoje há menos de 120 mil veículos estocados nas fábricas e na rede, volume suficiente par sustentar apenas 16 dias de vendas. No acumulado do ano, a produção de 1.804.759 unidades é 35% inferior à do ano passado.

A surpresa positiva foi o volume exportado em novembro, de 44.007 unidades, melhor resultado desde agosto de 2018. Essa alta é justificada pelo represamento de envios ocorrido nos últimos meses, em função do estágio de pandemia nos nossos países vizinhos, sobretudo na Argentina. E também por conta da antecipação de embarques para o encerramento do ano. De qualquer forma, o total de 285.925 unidades exportadas ainda é 28,4% menor que em 2019, que já havia sido um ano de forte queda.

Já o mercado interno fechou com 225.010 unidades licenciadas, alta de 4,6% sobre o mês anterior, porém com queda de 7,1% sobre novembro passado. No ano, foram 1.814.470 autoveículos emplacados, volume 28,1% inferior ao dos 11 primeiros meses de 2019. Isoladamente, o setor de caminhões mantém resultados melhores que os de automóveis e ônibus. Máquinas agrícolas e rodoviárias tiveram discreto aumento na produção e nas exportações em novembro, na comparação com outubro, apesar de um ligeiro recuo nas vendas.

“Os bons números de novembro dão alguma esperança para um 2021 melhor, desde que a pandemia seja controlada por vacinas, e que o ambiente de negócios no país seja estimulado por medidas de controle da dívida pública e reformas estruturantes que nos permitam ser competitivos”, afirmou o Presidente da Anfavea, Luiz Carlos Moraes. “Mas antes disso teremos de superar alguns desafios imediatos em nosso setor e no país, como o aumento dos casos de covid-19, o risco de paralisação por falta de autopeças e a pressão de custos ligados ao câmbio e insumos. Tudo isso vem prejudicando uma retomada mais rápida da indústria”, ressaltou.

 Unidades2020
   JanFevMarAbrMaiJunJulAgoSetOutNovDezTotal Ano
Total         193.459       200.997       163.625         55.735         62.190       132.818       174.487       183.395       207.710       215.044                    –                           –       1.589.460
Automóveis       154.581       165.150       131.276         39.501         44.137       102.404       134.956       142.057       161.114       168.508                    –                           –       1.243.684
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea       153.148       163.535       130.145         39.073         43.580       101.119       133.576       140.654       159.414       166.614                    –                           –       1.230.858
  Audi               406               830               376               126               256               669               595               661               785               858                    –                           –               5.562
  BMW               898           1.027               900               323               577           1.403           1.511           1.370           1.468           1.263                    –                           –             10.740
       BMW               790               920               794               293               536           1.269           1.381           1.262           1.361           1.150                    –                           –               9.756
       Mini               108               107               106                 30                 41               134               130               108               107               113                    –                           –                   984
  Caoa – Hyundai           2.242           2.444           2.490               524               539           1.470           2.190           2.069           2.733           2.297                    –                           –             18.998
      Caoa Chery           1.684           1.923           1.927               422               396           1.036           1.456           1.632           2.184           1.997                    –                           –             14.657
       Hyundai                  525               497               500               102               142               401               699               400               498               300                    –                           –               4.064
       Subaru                 33                 24                 63                    –                    1                 33                 35                 37                 51                    –                    –                           –                   277
  FCA         22.465         25.158         21.153           5.912           6.918         15.965         21.792         25.892         31.075         31.488                    –                           –          207.818
       Chrysler                    1                    1                    1                    1                    1                    3                    2                    4                    –                    1                    –                           –                     15
       Dodge                 15                 10                 11                    5                    4                 12                 22                 14                    7                    –                    –                           –                   100
       Fiat              13.783         15.061         13.565           3.644           4.336           8.580         12.199         15.409         19.251         19.269                    –                           –          125.097
       Jeep           8.666         10.086           7.576           2.262           2.577           7.370           9.569         10.465         11.817         12.218                    –                           –             82.606
  Ford         12.793         13.759         12.840           3.369           3.021           6.029           8.687           8.954         10.773         12.615                    –                           –             92.840
  General Motors         32.408         32.109         23.123           8.386           8.237         17.296         25.489         25.874         28.314         30.275                    –                           –          231.511
  Honda Automóveis           8.412           8.722           6.944           1.500           2.433           6.298           5.807           7.321           8.696           9.419                    –                           –             65.552
  HPE               918               851               755               255               369               726               986           1.033           1.206           1.210                    –                           –               8.309
       Mitsubishi               669               594               574               172               267               552               708               763               926               922                    –                           –               6.147
       Suzuki               249               257               181                 83               102               174               278               270               280               288                    –                           –               2.162
  Hyundai Motor         12.360         15.520         12.303           4.154           4.165         10.666         13.900         15.182         15.812         16.587                    –                           –          120.649
  Jaguar Land Rover               613               689               574               167               187               673               752               595               456               343                    –                           –               5.049
       Jaguar               108               135               124                 27                 16                 94               118               113               128                 81                    –                           –                   944
        Land Rover               505               554               450               140               171               579               634               482               328               262                    –                           –               4.105
  Mercedes-Benz Cars & Vans               653               710               619               184               227               739               745               601               569               541                    –                           –               5.588
  Nissan           6.356           7.590           5.578           1.229           1.263           3.227           3.469           4.214           5.163           4.890                    –                           –             42.979
  Peugeot Citroën           2.465           2.590           1.624               464               648           1.676           2.035           1.837           1.882           1.845                    –                           –             17.066
       Peugeot               974               878               652               136               222               616               850               839           1.030               983                    –                           –               7.180
       Citroën           1.491           1.712               972               328               426           1.060           1.185               998               852               862                    –                           –               9.886
  Renault         13.630         13.274         10.808           3.831           4.222           9.245         10.399           6.456         10.859         11.825                    –                           –             94.549
  Toyota         11.890         11.751           8.915           3.042           3.228           6.010           7.814           8.970           9.847         10.547                    –                           –             82.014
       Toyota         11.804         11.641           8.856           3.029           3.200           5.954           7.766           8.861           9.780         10.501                    –                           –             81.392
       Lexus                 86               110                 59                 13                 28                 56                 48               109                 67                 46                    –                           –                   622
  Volkswagen         24.639         26.511         21.143           5.607           7.290         19.027         27.405         29.625         29.776         30.611                    –                           –          221.634
 Outras empresas           1.433           1.615           1.131               428               557           1.285           1.380           1.403           1.700           1.894                    –                           –             12.826
Comerciais leves         30.101         28.149         25.028         11.962         12.568         20.391         28.468         31.765         38.051         37.191                    –                           –          263.674
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea         29.827         27.867         24.795         11.878         12.471         20.153         28.090         31.331         37.672         36.810                    –                           –          260.894
  Caoa (Hyundai)               396               429               379               159               216               368               492               443               416               167                    –                           –               3.465
  FCA         12.115         11.484         10.136           3.874           4.437           8.066         12.601         15.952         19.839         19.049                    –                           –          117.553
       Dodge                    –                    2                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    1                    –                    –                    –                           –                       3
       Fiat              12.115         11.482         10.136           3.874           4.437           8.066         12.601         15.951         19.839         19.049                    –                           –          117.550
  Ford           1.642           1.323           1.560           1.072           1.400           1.737           1.733           1.282           1.686           1.702                    –                           –             15.137
  General Motors           2.675           2.039           2.378           1.622           1.732           2.463           2.562           2.917           3.469           3.801                    –                           –             25.658
  HPE (Mitsubishi)               622               650               713               432               601               606           1.246               927           1.087           1.009                    –                           –               7.893
  Iveco               245               288               255                 43                 54               299               393               452               458               326                    –                           –               2.813
  Jaguar Land Rover ( Land Rover)                    –                    –                    –                    –                    1                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                           –                       1
  MAN               231               289               244                 59                 77               395               438               353               310               338                    –                           –               2.734
  Mercedes-Benz Cars & Vans               978               898               660               213               264               480               771               626               708               762                    –                           –               6.360
  Nissan               673               765               580               501               349               708               612               561               693               945                    –                           –               6.387
  Peugeot Citroën               531               578               402               131               203               300               403               411               418               423                    –                           –               3.800
       Peugeot               318               373               232                 90                 93               184               294               266               255               242                    –                           –               2.347
       Citroën               213               205               170                 41               110               116               109               145               163               181                    –                           –               1.453
  Renault           1.800           1.171               705               405               290               561               873               573           1.119           1.489                    –                           –               8.986
  Toyota           3.311           3.127           2.971           1.762           1.445           1.714           2.329           2.691           3.579           3.122                    –                           –             26.051
  Volkswagen           4.608           4.826           3.812           1.605           1.402           2.456           3.637           4.143           3.890           3.677                    –                           –             34.056
 Outras empresas               274               282               233                 84                 97               238               378               434               379               381                    –                           –               2.780
Caminhões           7.285           6.412           6.438           3.952           4.819           8.954           9.540           8.076           7.312           7.909                    –                           –             70.697
 Semileves               544               309               190               202               266               525               495               443               386               334                    –                           –               3.694
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea               542               305               190               202               265               523               493               442               384               333                    –                           –               3.679
  Agrale                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                           –                        –
  FCA (Dodge)               284                 86                 15                 64               124               230               105                 40                 22                 29                    –                           –                   999
  Ford                 13                    3                    3                    1                    1                    2                    2                    1                    –                    –                    –                           –                     26
  Iveco                 17                 15                    9                 13                 16                 32                 27                 34                 44                 56                    –                           –                   263
  MAN                 39                 44                 30                 36                 24                 60                 41                 55                 76                 47                    –                           –                   452
  Mercedes-Benz Cars & Vans               162               142               120                 74                 92               184               291               251               218               169                    –                           –               1.703
  Peugeot Citroën                 27                 15                 13                 14                    8                 15                 27                 61                 24                 32                    –                           –                   236
       Peugeot                 10                 10                    7                    4                    6                    3                 21                 48                 19                 25                    –                           –                   153
       Citroën                 17                    5                    6                 10                    2                 12                    6                 13                    5                    7                    –                           –                     83
 Outras empresas                    2                    4                    –                    –                    1                    2                    2                    1                    2                    1                    –                           –                     15
 Leves               744               784               677               366               487               819               752               797               780               977                    –                           –               7.183
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea               743               784               677               366               487               819               750               796               777               976                    –                           –               7.175
  Agrale                    2                    –                    1                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    1                    3                    –                           –                       7
  Caoa – Hyundai                    8                 11                    9                    5                 19                 14                 11                 34                 37                 23                    –                           –                   171
  Ford                 39                 34                 22                 11                 16                    8                    8                 10                    7                    6                    –                           –                   161
  Iveco                 50                 37                 50                 58                 39                 59                 73                 76                 76                 84                    –                           –                   602
  MAN               256               280               249               120               157               293               283               327               368               387                    –                           –               2.720
  Mercedes-Benz               388               422               346               172               256               445               375               349               288               473                    –                           –               3.514
 Outras empresas                    1                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    2                    1                    3                    1                    –                           –                       8
 Médios               585               618               584               389               455               890               887               843               711               798                    –                           –               6.760
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea                585               617               583               389               455               890               886               843               711               797                    –                           –               6.756
  Agrale                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    1                    –                    –                    –                    –                           –                       1
  DAF                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                           –                        –
  Ford                 15                 15                    7                    3                    6                 10                    8                    9                    3                    4                    –                           –                     80
  Iveco                 29                 27                 15                 19                 24                 39                 39                 65                 61                 38                    –                           –                   356
  MAN               453               483               485               289               363               716               661               611               507               545                    –                           –               5.113
  Mercedes-Benz                 88                 92                 76                 78                 62               125               177               158               140               210                    –                           –               1.206
 Outras empresas                    –                    1                    1                    –                    –                    –                    1                    –                    –                    1                    –                           –                       4
 Semipesados           1.622           1.642           1.641           1.101           1.296           2.103           2.169           2.147           2.058           2.200                    –                           –             17.979
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea           1.619           1.640           1.633           1.101           1.296           2.101           2.169           2.147           2.058           2.200                    –                           –             17.964
  Agrale                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                           –                        –
  DAF                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                           –                        –
  Ford                 38                 53                 36                 33                 23                 30                 12                    9                 14                 14                    –                           –                   262
  Iveco                 90               104                 92                 73                 95               188               194               185               197               182                    –                           –               1.400
  MAN               683               636               829               554               641           1.011           1.006           1.170           1.052           1.140                    –                           –               8.722
  Mercedes-Benz               593               697               517               331               368               665               724               582               603               685                    –                           –               5.765
  Scania                    –                    8                    1                    2                    1                    –                    3                    3                    –                    –                    –                           –                     18
  Volvo               215               142               158               108               168               207               230               198               192               179                    –                           –               1.797
 Outras empresas                    3                    2                    8                    –                    –                    2                    –                    –                    –                    –                    –                           –                     15
 Pesados           3.790           3.059           3.346           1.894           2.315           4.617           5.237           3.846           3.377           3.600                    –                           –             35.081
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea           3.790           3.057           3.346           1.893           2.314           4.616           5.236           3.846           3.377           3.599                    –                           –             35.074
  DAF               359               289               237               175               205               465               465               380               357               262                    –                           –               3.194
  Ford                    2                    3                    2                    2                    –                    2                 11                    5                    4                    2                    –                           –                     33
  Iveco               125                 96                 59                 95                 76               170               195               221               191               125                    –                           –               1.353
  MAN               328               301               264               172               289               564               857               441               276               166                    –                           –               3.658
  Mercedes-Benz           1.124               836               872               525               557           1.256           1.743           1.368           1.051           1.161                    –                           –             10.493
  Scania               557               623               704               297               499               933               834               517               565               832                    –                           –               6.361
  Volvo           1.295               909           1.208               627               688           1.226           1.131               914               933           1.051                    –                           –               9.982
 Outras empresas                    –                    2                    –                    1                    1                    1                    1                    –                    –                    1                    –                           –                       7
Caminhões – Total por empresa           7.285           6.412           6.438           3.952           4.819           8.954           9.540           8.076           7.312           7.909                    –                           –             70.697
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea           7.279           6.403           6.429           3.951           4.817           8.949           9.534           8.074           7.307           7.905                    –                           –             70.648
  Agrale                    2                    –                    1                    –                    –                    –                    1                    –                    1                    3                    –                           –                       8
  Caoa                    8                 11                    9                    5                 19                 14                 11                 34                 37                 23                    –                           –                   171
  DAF               359               289               237               175               205               465               465               380               357               262                    –                           –               3.194
  FCA (Dodge)               284                 86                 15                 64               124               230               105                 40                 22                 29                    –                           –                   999
  Ford               107               108                 70                 50                 46                 52                 41                 34                 28                 26                    –                           –                   562
  Iveco               311               279               225               258               250               488               528               581               569               485                    –                           –               3.974
  MAN           1.759           1.744           1.857           1.171           1.474           2.644           2.848           2.604           2.279           2.285                    –                           –             20.665
  Mercedes-Benz           2.193           2.047           1.811           1.106           1.243           2.491           3.019           2.457           2.082           2.529                    –                           –             20.978
  Mercedes-Benz Cars & Vans               162               142               120                 74                 92               184               291               251               218               169                    –                           –               1.703
  Peugeot Citroën                 27                 15                 13                 14                    8                 15                 27                 61                 24                 32                    –                           –                   236
       Peugeot                 10                 10                    7                    4                    6                    3                 21                 48                 19                 25                    –                           –                   153
       Citroën                 17                    5                    6                 10                    2                 12                    6                 13                    5                    7                    –                           –                     83
  Scania               557               631               705               299               500               933               837               520               565               832                    –                           –               6.379
  Volvo           1.510           1.051           1.366               735               856           1.433           1.361           1.112           1.125           1.230                    –                           –             11.779
 Outras empresas                    6                    9                    9                    1                    2                    5                    6                    2                    5                    4                    –                           –                     49
Ônibus (chassi)           1.492           1.286               883               320               666           1.069           1.523           1.497           1.233           1.436                    –                           –             11.405
 Empresas associadas à Anfavea           1.460           1.274               869               316               637           1.056           1.515           1.490           1.227           1.420                    –                           –             11.264
  Agrale               213               103               122                 53                 51               123               185               149               131               183                    –                           –               1.313
  Iveco                 11                 30                 32                 25                    6                 19                 20                 31                 65                 87                    –                           –                   326
  MAN               270               289               189               118               175               205               496               692               363               530                    –                           –               3.327
  Mercedes-Benz               853               745               477                 99               347               644               731               552               610               538                    –                           –               5.596
  Scania                 60                 65                 18                    5                 17                 30                 33                 29                 21                 44                    –                           –                   322
  Volvo                 53                 42                 31                 16                 41                 35                 50                 37                 37                 38                    –                           –                   380
 Outras empresas                 32                 12                 14                    4                 29                 13                    8                    7                    6                 16                    –                           –                   141

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